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How to Identify the malt in beer brewing process?

Views: 31     Author: Kate     Publish Time: 2021-02-05      Origin: Site

Barley is one of the important raw materials in the process of beer brewing, so the quality of malt plays an important role in the quality and taste of beer. Today, beer brewing equipment manufacturers will talk about how to identify the quality of malt.

Moisture content

The determination of water content is the basis of most subsequent dry matter analysis, water content also affects the crushing effect, and water content also reflects the storability of malt.

Water content should usually be less than 5%.


The malt powder is saccharified into wort by the synergistic method, and the soluble matter detected is the extract, which should reach at least 80% according to the anhydrous malt.


The chromaticity was expressed in EBC units and the wort was saccharified by synergistic method.In order to predict the chromaticity of beer in the future, it is more meaningful to measure the chromaticity of boiled wort corresponding to malt.

750 文章1-min

Saccharification time

It refers to the time when starch needs to be completely converted into sugar under the existing enzyme system and starch content of malt. The saccharification time is the basis for predicting the saccharification cycle in the saccharification workshop, and the saccharification time of light-colored malt is 10 to 15 minutes.

Protein solubility

Also known as the Kuerba value. It shows the proportion of proteins in malt that can be dissolved in water. The solubility of Pearson malt protein is usually 38% to 42%.  If this value is poor, it can be controlled by setting and prolonging protein rest in the saccharification workshop. If the protein content and solubility of malt are in the appropriate range, the level of α-amino nitrogen will not be very poor.


The brittleness meter is an instrument in which a fixed rubber roller is installed in the rotary screen. This roller grinds the wheat grain at a constant pressure for a certain period of time and passes it through the screen. Then, by weighing, the percentage through the sieve is defined as brittleness. The brittleness value reflects not only the dissolution uniformity of malt, but also the uniformity of malt batches and mixed malt.  The brittleness value should be greater than 80%.

Final fermentation degree.

Indicates what percentage of the extract is fermented.

For this reason, yeast was inoculated into the saccharified wort by synergistic method and fermented fully. In the end, the higher the degree of fermentation, the more starch can be converted into fermentable sugar, the greater the role of starch decomposing enzymes, and the drier the beer is.

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Sensory examination of malt quality

The color of malt is the result of the interaction between the primary color of barley and the processing process.Barley's natural color is pale yellow to golden yellow. Dry malt is usually pale yellow due to partial leaching of pigments from the skin of the wheat during wheat processing.

If the original barley is subjected to rain at the harvest time, it will turn dark yellow to gray according to the degree. In severe cases, blackheads, mildew spots and pink sickle hyphae will also appear. The malt from this barley can also be dark or grayish in color.

Malt-colored barley generally lacks luster, while normal-colored barley can also lose luster after a year. This can be exacerbated by increased water content, and the resulting malt will also lose luster.The malt that is not thoroughly washed has poor luster. Glossy malt will gradually lose its luster if it is stored for a long time. Although the malt fumigated with sulfur appears lighter in color, it lacks luster and is pale white.

750 文章2-min

The aroma of malt is extremely complex, and the higher the scorching temperature, the more produced. In addition, the yield at the same temperature is positively correlated with moisture. If the moisture of malt is too low in the baking period, the aroma will not be obvious even if the temperature is raised. The original barley will pollute mold or be stored for too long, and malt will have miscellany odor, such as musty odor, dust odor, cardboard odor, etc. Improper control of wheatmaking process will also cause malt odor, such as high oxygen consumption of aquatic materials soaked in wheat will bring the smell of corruption; Excessive leaching of wheat or poor ventilation may lead to sour or dull smell; Excessive dissolution will have a green taste; The drying period heating up too fast will have burnt paste taste, etc.

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