Views:8520 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2020-12-29 Origin:Site
People like to drink a cold beer to cool down in summer. But I don't know if you've noticed, but when you pour beer into a glass, the bubbles keep rising. And you might think that of course, the bubbles are going to go up. But the bubbles in Guinness, the world's most famous stout, are not. It has been observed that rather than rising, as in other drinks such as beer or cola, the bubbles of this stout are falling, not so slowly, as to look like a waterfall on a brown rock. Why on earth is that?
Is it a visual illusion?
This is indeed an interesting phenomenon, because bubbles in a liquid must rise due to buoyancy and cannot fall. Besides, if the bubbles are falling, then eventually the bubbles should gather at the bottom of the cup. Why do the bubbles eventually accumulate at the top of the cup when they stabilize?
Some people think that the phenomenon of "Dark beer falls" is actually a visual illusion. It may be that even when bright spots are rising against a dark brown background, the eye sometimes perceives them as falling, just as the fan blade is turning forward, and the eye sometimes sees the fan blade turning backward.
But this explanation is specious and does not make the process clear. The phenomenon of fan inversion is related to the frequency of fan blade rotation, so the fan blade is sometimes inverted and sometimes positive to the eye. There is no problem with the rotation rate of the stout falls, and all the while the bubbles are falling, whether they are moving fast or slow. Some people have also experimented with pulling bright balls up against a dark brown background by using silk threads attached to the ball, but what the eye sees is the ball rising, rather than the illusion that the ball is falling as the theory suggests.
Is the bubble going up or down?
At this point, the researchers wondered if the bubbles in stout beers were actually falling. If so, why do they go down? Why do the results of the drop converge to the top of the cup?
A researcher who knows how liquid flows asserts that the bubbles in a dark beer fall near the rim of the glass and rise in the middle. Why do you say that? There is no doubt that the bubbles in the middle of the cup will rise rapidly from the bottom of the cup due to buoyancy. But the bubbles on the edge of the cup are subject to adhesion and friction, and the rise rate is greatly slowed. Is crucial, however, is the cup in the middle of the bubble in the rapid rise, will drive the fluid surrounding the followed quickly rise, thus formed a fast convection in the cup, after the liquid from middle to top will spread out, then push the glass on the edge of the liquid drop along the glass wall, this decline will drive the bubble had been rising speed is very slow movement, along with liquid and bubbles were on the edge of the glass is falling.
The explanation is startling. It makes sense of all the paradoxes mentioned above. People used to wonder: Why do we see bubbles falling through the walls of a glass, but eventually they all converge on the surface? It turned out that they saw only one, and another, that is, the middle of the cup can not see, the bubbles are rising very fast. It's the dark brown of the stout that blocks the view of what's going on in the middle of the glass, and the liquid level is full of bubbles building up, so you can't see what's going on below the liquid level, so you can only see the bubbles falling at the edge of the glass.
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