In the following you will see some terms: head, heart, and tail. We are not talking about body parts. These are industry terms designed to refer to the different parts of alcohol produced by distillation.
After the washing liquid is transferred from the fermentor to the distiller, the distiller heats it to slowly heat to evaporate the ethanol. The steam then passes through the condenser, where the alcohol turns back into liquid and exits the still as rum. Only the lightest and purest vapor can escape from the distiller.
As the temperature increases, different forms of alcohol are produced. You only want the purest alcohol and taste to make rum, so "cut" between different types of alcohol. This is actually just the point at which alcohol transitions from one stage to the next.
For example, in the early stages of the process, lower temperatures will produce alcohols such as volatile alcohols, ketones, and esters. These unwanted alcohols are called "heads". As this process continues, we will get purer ethanol. It has all the concentrated flavor produced by yeast during the fermentation process, and it is the part of rum that we want to barrel and age. This is the so-called "heart".
Eventually, the boiling point in the still gets closer and closer to the boiling point of water. The percentage of alcohol decreases, while the water content increases. This is what we call the "tail". Don't put the tails in the bucket, but they do have some taste we like. They return to the distiller and distill a few more times to extract their best flavor (the transition between the center and the tail is often referred to as the queen’s share in rum production, because there are so many great flavors in this transition .)
Rum distillation is a combination of science and art.
Many factors affect how rum is aged, such as the length of aging time, the type of barrel, the coke on the barrel, and even the altitude, humidity and temperature on the shelf. Using whiskey barrels to add subtle extra features, each rum has a unique aging process to help cultivate its flavor.
The special attention we give in the final quality inspection of each work is also a guarantee of unparalleled reliability and robustness. If you have any needs or questions, please contact us.