|The invention of the continuous distiller|
The continuous distiller is said to have been invented by Robert Stein in 1826. The invention was triggered by tax measures in London. In the 1780s and 1790s, a system was introduced to impose taxes according to the capacity of pot stills. For small pot stills, this is the tax, and for large pot stills, this is about it.
Therefore, Robert invented a continuous distiller, considering whether it would be possible to efficiently distill without increasing the capacity. This distiller caught the eye of Enius Coffey, a tax collector, who improved this continuous distiller and in 1831 created what could be called the prototype of the distiller currently in use. At that time, Coffey obtained a patent (patent), so the continuous distiller came to be called patent still or coffey still.
Since Coffey was Irish, he went to sell this continuous distiller to Ireland, but at that time, the whiskey industry was in the midst of rapid growth, and every Irish distillery changed distilling three times with pot stills. There was no need or motivation. I had no choice but to change the sales destination to Scotland and so on, and as a result, distilleries in the Lowlands region adopted continuous distillers. Grain whiskey production began here in Roland, which is now the main producer of grain whiskey.
Malt whiskey is called loud spirits because of its full body and fragrance, while grain whiskey is called silent spirits because of its refreshingness and lack of assertion. By mixing these two, a well-balanced blended whiskey was born, and the blended whiskey that everyone receives was active in spreading whiskey worldwide.
For this reason, the current continuous distillers exist. The inventor, Robert, invented it for tax purposes, but he seems to have been stolen by Coffey, who was a tax collector, so I feel sorry for him. On the contrary, Coffey was probably a commercial seller.
Most distilleries were built in the 2010s, reflecting the recent whiskey boom.
Knowing that there is such a human drama in a continuous distiller, which has only been recognized as a machine for making whiskey, makes me a little deeply moved when drinking blended whiskey.
Everyone, please remember this story when you drink grain whiskey.
I hope this article has helped you.
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